Environmental Indicators

This chapter presents selected environmental data for the Volkswagen Group in aggregated form. The data are collected, checked and approved at the production sites in line with an internal standard (VW standard 98 000). In order to improve the accuracy and consistency of the resultant information, the recording of environmentally relevant consumption and emission data is subject to a continuous improvement process. This applies in particular to those items of information which have to be recorded with the assistance of specific calculation algorithms. Moreover, the integration of new Group brands and sites into environmental data recording calls for adjustments to past data already reported. For instance, the values for December of the preceding year may include some estimated data, for example if they are based on bills from power suppliers or waste disposal providers which were not yet available at the time of compilation. In the next data collection round, these estimated data are then replaced with the values for December which have become available in the meantime.
All in all, environmental data were collected from production sites with a workforce of around 467,000 (as at December 31, 2013). The 2013 figures include for the first time Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A. as a further brand, the Chinese production sites Volkswagen FAW Engine Co. Ltd. in Changchun and Volkswagen FAW Platform Company Ltd. in Chengdu and the new Silao plant in Mexico. Production at the Foshan, Ningbo and Urumqi plants in China only started in late 2013 and these plants are not yet included in environmental data recording.
The data in the “car and light commercial vehicle” category for the years 2010, 2012 and 2013 are recorded as in the Volkswagen Annual Report. The data for the brands Scania AB, MAN SE, Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A. and VW Kraftwerk GmbH are reported in the “Other divisions” category. The respective proportions are indicated separately in the graphs. Unless indicated otherwise, both categories include all Group production sites and the power stations and boiler plants operated by Volkswagen AG at the Wolfsburg, Kassel and Hanover sites in Germany.
The Volkswagen Group is essentially an automobile manufacturer that produces cars and light commercial vehicles as well as heavy-duty commercial vehicles and buses. However, the addition of MAN SE has meant that marine engines and power station components are now also part of the product portfolio. The entirety of the environmental impact thus cannot simply be related to the number of vehicles produced. Relative key indicators are therefore recorded only for the “car and light commercial vehicle” category. The number of vehicles produced in 2013 totaled 9,503,783 cars and light commercial vehicles and 224,065 heavy-duty commercial vehicles.

Energy consumption*

in million MWh/year

* Group production sites.

Energy consumption*

in kWh/vehicle

* Group production sites.

Increased consumption of electricity and heat and of fuel gases for manufacturing processes is associated with the continuous increase in production over the reporting period. Consumption of space heat and industrial heat is subject to variation due to climatic and manufacturing conditions.

Direct CO2 emissions (Scope 1)*

in million tonnes/year

* Group production sites.

Direct CO2 emissions (Scope 1)*

in kg/vehicle

* Group production sites.

Despite increased production volumes and the inclusion of new production sites, with a consequent increase in energy consumption, direct CO2 emissions (Scope 1) have been falling since 2010. Resource-optimized manufacturing processes and efficient power generation plants have played a part in this.

CO2 emissions (Scopes 1 & 2)*

in million tonnes/year

* Group production sites.

CO2 emissions (Scopes 1 & 2)*

in kg/vehicle

* Group production sites.

Increased consumption of electrical energy, heat and fuel gases led to a rise in total – direct and indirect – CO2 emissions. However, the increase was restricted by the growing use of energy from renewable resources. Over the full reporting period, CO2 emissions per vehicle manufactured were reduced.

Definitions: Scope 1, 2 and 3

Group GHG emissions (Scope 3) (cars and light commercial vehicles)

    20122   20132  
No.  Category  tonnes CO2  %  tonnes CO2  % 
1 Purchased goods and services 54,871,485 16.9 56,435,510 17.6
2 Capital goods 8,866,872 2.7 10,018,369 3.1
3 Fuel/energy 1,234,636 0.4 1,338,497 0.4
4 Upstream transportation and distribution 3,341,432 1.0 3,341,4321 1.0
5 Waste generated in operations 1,783,630 0.6 1,943,160 0.6
6 Business travel 593,744 0.2 618,624 0.2
7 Employee commuting 846,358 0.3 881,823 0.3
8 Upstream leased assets Not reported 0.0 Not reported 0.0
9 Downstream transportation and distribution Not reported 0.0 Not reported 0.0
10 Processing of sold products 5,223 0.002 6,926 0.002
11 Use phase (150,000 km)3 250,481,613 77.0 243,015,544 75.6
12 End-of-life treatment 1,355,869 0.4 1,375,646 0.4
13 Downstream leased assets 565,000 0.2 746,532 0.2
14 Franchises 1,550,000 0.5 1,550,000 0.5
15 Investments Not reported 0.0 Not reported 0.0
Total of reported Scope 3 emissions2 325,495,862 100 321,272,063 100

1 2012 value – the 2013 value will be used for 2014 CDP reporting.
2 Individual figures are rounded. This can lead to minor discrepancies in the sum total.
3 Well-to-wheel.

In line with the Scope 3 standard published by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and the World Resources Institute in 2011, Volkswagen is reporting CO2 emissions for twelve out of a total of 15 Scope 3 categories. The calculations have revealed that the “purchased goods and services” and “use phase” emission categories account for more than 93% of all Scope 3 emissions. Calculation of the CO2 emissions for the use phase is based on a Group fleet value representing the global vehicle population in the four major regions (EU28, USA, Brazil, China). In view of the relevance of the two above-named categories, the relevant data were the subject of separate audits by external auditors from PricewaterhouseCoopers in compliance with audit standard ISAE 3000 “International Standard on Assurance Engagements”.

CO2 emissions from the Volkswagen Group’s European (EU28) new car fleet* 

in g/km

* 2013 basis: EU28 including Croatia from July 1, 2013.

Direct NOX and SO2 emissions* 

in tonnes/year

* Group production sites.

Direct NOX and SO2 emissions* 

in g/vehicle

* Group production sites.

There was a downwards trend in emissions over the 2010 to 2013 period, this decline also occurring in the specific values per vehicle.

VOC emissions* 

in tonnes/year

* Group production sites.

VOC emissions* 

in kg/vehicle

* Group production sites.

Increased vehicle production is also associated with higher paint consumption, leading to an increase in VOC emissions in absolute terms. Modern coating processes did, however, assist in reducing specific emissions per vehicle produced.

Volkswagen AG Germany particulate emissions (total dust)

in tonnes/year

Waste for disposal2

in t/a

Waste for disposal2

in kg/vehicle

Waste for recycling1, 2

in tonnes/year

1 In the bars showing “Non-hazardous waste for recycling”, as well as “Hazardous waste for recycling” and “Metallic waste”, the share accounted for by other Group divisions is shown. This is not depicted separately for the other fractions, however, on account of the low proportions.
2 Group production sites

Waste for recycling2

in kg/vehicle

The volume of metallic “waste”, which in the light of its high recycling rate can be considered to be a valuable material, has increased in absolute terms over the reporting period as a whole due to increased production across the Volkswagen Group and the introduction of new models. In specific terms, however, the volume of this kind of waste per vehicle has fallen due to improved material utilization and resource-optimized manufacturing processes.

The recycling rate for non-hazardous and hazardous waste has undergone continuous improvement to around 70% over the reporting period. This also had a positive impact on the volume of waste for disposal per vehicle.

Freshwater and wastewater* 

in million m3/year

* Group production sites.

Due to the increase in production volumes at new and existing production sites, both water consumption and wastewater volumes have risen.

Freshwater and wastewater* 

in m3/vehicle

* Group production sites.

Values per vehicle rose slightly in the reporting year 2013.

Chemical oxygen demand (COD)* 

in tonnes/year

* Group production sites.

Chemical oxygen demand (COD)* 

in g/vehicle

* Group production sites.

Due to increased production across the Group, there was a rise in the wastewater parameter chemical oxygen demand, both in absolute terms and per vehicle produced. A distinction is drawn between sites which, as indirect dischargers, discharge wastewater into municipal sewers for further purification, and those sites which, as direct dischargers, operate an in-house wastewater treatment plant and discharge the purified wastewater directly into a body of water. In the reporting year 2013, indirectly discharging sites accounted for 92% (2010: 91%; 2012: 90%) of the Group’s total wastewater volumes (excluding MAN and Scania).

Wastewater discharges

in million m3/year

Figures for sites of Volkswagen AG, Volkswagen Sachsen GmbH,
Volkswagen Osnabrück GmbH (since 2012).

Water withdrawal by source

in million m3/year

Figures for sites of Volkswagen AG, Volkswagen Sachsen GmbH,
Volkswagen Osnabrück GmbH (since 2012).

Environmental protection costs*

in € million/year

* German production sites Volkswagen AG.

Environmental protection costs*

in €/vehicle

* German production sites Volkswagen AG.

The environmental protection costs of Volkswagen AG’s German sites are shown above. Both capital and operating costs for environmental protection have risen over the reporting period. This is also reflected in the specific environmental costs per vehicle produced.

Plants in the vicinity of Protected Sites

Plants   Distance (km)   Area* (ha)   Plants   Distance (km)   Area* (ha)  
Braunschweig (D): Oker 0.8 53 Poznań, Logistics (PL): Dolina Cybiny 2.7 30
Chemnitz (D): Zwönitz 2.5 21.3 Poznań, Foundry (PL): Fortyfikacje-w-Poznańiu 6.7 40
Dresden (D): Mühlberg 1 8.3 Poznań, Production (PL): Dolina Cybiny 0.6 40
Ehra-Lessien (D): Vogelmoor 3.9 Mlada Boleslav, Production (CZ): Radouci 1.2 212
Emden (D) 0.9 400 Vrachlabi, Production (CZ): Krkonose 1.1 23
Hanover (D): Leine 0.75 118 Kvasiny, Production (CZ): Uh inov-Benàtky 5 42
Ingolstadt (D): Übungsplatz 3.8 200 Martin, Components (SK): Malá Fatra < 5 12.4
Kassel (D): Fuldatal 1.6 280 Bratislava, Production (SK): Moravy < 2 178
Leipzig (D): Tannenwald, Strohgäu 0 20 Palmela, Production (POR): Arrabida 3.5 24.5
Neckarsulm (D): Jagst, Kocher 0.1 95 Barcelona, Production (ES): Llobregat 3.6 39.3
Osnabrück (D): Mausohr, Belm 5.45 36.1 Martorell, FE, Production (ES): Llobregat 0.85 800
Salzgitter (D): Heerter See 7.5 280 Pamplona, Production (ES): Pena de Etxauri 15 163
Stuttgart (D): Max-Eyth-See 0.75 28.8 Prat, Components (ES): Llobregat 0.7 15.5
Weißach (D): Enztal, Stuttgarter Bucht 0.05 84.9 Brussels, Production (B): Verrewinkel-Kinsendael 3 44
Wolfsburg (D): Barnbruch 0.2 800 Györ, Components (HU): Göny i homokvidék < 1 30
Zwickau (D): Zwickauer Muldetal 0.1 180 Crewe (UK): West Midlands Moor 5.7
Polkovice, Components (PL): Jelonek 7.9
Polkovice, Sitech (PL): Jelonek 3.2

* Area = surface area of the production site.

The plants stated here are the Volkswagen brand’s production sites in Germany and the rest of Europe which are located in the vicinity of protected sites pursuant to Council Directive 92/43/EEC of May 21, 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (The Habitats Directive).

Consumption and emission data

  Fuel consumption
(l/100 km)
 
CO2 emissions
(g/km)
 
Model   Output kW (PS)   urban   extra-urban   combined   combined  
Audi A3 1.6 TDI ultra 81 (110) 3.8 3.0 3.2 85
Audi A3 sportback 2.0 l TDI 110 (150) 5.0 3.7 4.2 108
Audi A3 sportback g-tron 81 (110) 4.4 – 4.1 kg 2.7 kg 3.3 – 3.2 kg 92 – 88
SEAT Leon 1.6 TDI CR 110 CV Ecomotive 77 (105) 5.1 3.7 4.2 85
SEAT Mii 1.0 MPI Ecofuel Ecomotive 50 (68) 5.5 m3 (3.6 kg) 3.8 m3 (2.5 kg) 4.4 m3 (2.9 kg) 79
ŠKODA Fabia Greenline 1.2 l TDI Combi 55 (75) 4.1 3.0 3.4 88
ŠKODA Citigo CNG 50 (68) 5.5 m3 (3.6 kg) 3.8 m3 (2.5 kg) 4.4 m3 (2.9 kg) 79
Volkswagen Caddy 1.6 l TDI 75 (102) 5.4 4.1 4.6 119
Volkswagen Golf VII TSI 1.2 l 77 (105) 5.9 – 5.6 4.4 – 4.3 4.9 – 4.8 114 – 112
Volkswagen Golf VII TSI 1.4 l 90 (122) 6.6 – 6.2 4.3 5.2 – 5.0 120 – 116
Volkswagen Golf VII TDI 1.6 l 77 (105) 4.6 3.5 – 3.3 3.9 – 3.8 102 – 99
Volkswagen Golf VII TDI 2.0 l 110 (150) 5.2 – 5.0 4.0 – 3.6 4.4 – 4.1 117 – 106
Volkswagen Golf TGI Blue motion 1.4 l 81 (110) 6.8 m3 (4.5 kg) –
6.7 m3 (4.4 kg)
4.4 m3 (2.9 kg) –
4.3 m3 (2.8 kg)
5.3 m3 (3.5 kg) –
5.2 m3 (3.4 kg)
94 – 92
Volkswagen Golf TDI Blue motion 1.6 l 81 (110) 3.8 3.0 3.2 85
Volkswagen Jetta Hybrid 110 (150) 4.4 3.9 4.1 95
Volkswagen Passat Estate 2.0 l TDI 103 (140) 5.6 4.0 4.6 120
Volkswagen Tiguan 2.0 l TDI 103 (140) 6.2 4.7 5.3 138
Volkswagen Touran 1.4 TSI EcoFuel (CNG) 110 (150) 9.5 m3 (6.2 kg) 5.8 m3 (3.8 kg) 7.2 m3 (4.7 kg) 128
Volkswagen Touareg V6 TSI Hybrid 279 (380) 8.7 7.9 8.2 193
Volkswagen up! 1.0 l 44 (66) 5.0 3.6 4.1 95
Volkswagen up! 1.0 l 55 (75) 5.1 3.7 4.2 98
Fuel consumption
(l/100 km)
 
CO2 emissions
(g/km)
 
Model   combined   combined  
Audi A3 e-tron 1.5 35
Audi A6 ultra 4.6 – 4.4 119 – 114
Bentley Flying Spur 14.7 343
Bugatti Veyron 24.9 596
Lamborghini Aventador 16.0 370
Porsche Boxter/Cayman 9.0 – 7.9 211 – 183
Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid 3.1 71
Porsche 918 Spyder 3.1 71
ŠKODA Octavia Combi 6.7 – 3.8 156 – 99
ŠKODA Octavia CNG 3.5 kg 97
SEAT Alhambra Ecomotive 5.5 143
SEAT Altea Ecomotive 4.5 111
SEAT Altea XL Ecomotive 4.5 111
SEAT Leon VERDE 1.6 36
SEAT Ibiza Ecomotive 3.4 88
SEAT Ibiza ST Ecomotive 5.1 88
Volkswagen Caddy EcoFuel 8.7 m3 (5.7 kg) 156
Volkswagen Caddy Maxi EcoFuel 8.8 m3 (5.8 kg) 157
Volkswagen eco up! 4.4 m3 (2.9 kg) 79
Volkswagen Golf GTE Plug-in-Hybrid 1.5 35
Volkswagen Golf Sportsvan 5.6 – 4.9 130 – 114
Volkswagen e-Golf 12.7 kWh 0
Volkswagen e-up! 11.7 kWh 0
Volkswagen Passat TSI EcoFuel 6.7 m3 (4.5 kg – 4.4 kg) 123
Volkswagen Passat Estate TSI EcoFuel 6.7 m3 (4.5 kg – 4.4 kg)
119
Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles Amarok 8.5 – 6.8
224 – 179
Volkswagen XL1 0.9 21